Drag Visual Studio Code.app to the Applications folder, making it available in the macOS Launchpad. Add VS Code to your Dock by right-clicking on the icon to bring up the context menu and choosing Options, Keep in Dock. Launching from the command line. You can also run VS Code from the terminal by typing 'code' after adding it to the path. Installing Postman on Mac. Download and unzip the app using the built-in Archive Utility app. Double-click Postman. When prompted, move the file to your Applications folder—this will ensure that future updates can be installed correctly. The minimum OS version supported is macOS 10.11 (El Capitan).
To update macOS from the command line, first launch Terminal, which can be found in the Applications/Utilities folder. This will open a Terminal window and a command prompt for you to begin typing. Terminal (officially called Terminal.app) is, strictly speaking, an emulator and works off most typical UNIX commands (OS X is a UNIX-based system, as opposed to Windows, which is NT-based). Unlike OS X, which has a graphical user interface (shortened to GUI), Terminal works off a text-based interface and all commands have to be typed in - this.
Update May, 2019
Now that there are SecureToken users, the command below no longer works to reset another user's password. Thanks to mario on the MacAdmins Slack for testing.
Just a cleaned-up version of directions from Mac Script to change Administrator password
Changing a user password via terminal command
If you ever want to—perhaps for scripting purposes?—change a user's password from the command-line (despite what it says in the link above, you don't have to be logged in as the user to change the user's password, but you do have to be logged in as an admin user), these are the commands you'd use:
sudo security set-keychain-password -o oldpassword -p newpassword /Users/username/Library/Keychains/login.keychain
If you don't know the old password..
If, for some reason, you (and the user both) have forgotten the user's old password and don't want to deal with keychains issues, you can also just delete the existing keychain (instead of running the second command to update the keychain password):
Terminal Update Apps Mac Pro
One strong caveat is that the terminal, by default, will save commands to ~/.bash_history in plain text, so you're essentially storing a user's password in plain text, unless you temporarily disable bash history or later go into the ~/.bash_history file with a text editor (like nano) and delete the offending lines manually.
If you distribute this as part of a .pkg, nothing will be visible in a .bash_history file, but make sure you keep that .pkg extra secure or delete it after deploying it.
Xcode is the tool developers use to build apps for the Apple ecosystem – MacOS, iOS, and all things Apple.
This guide will walk you through how to successfully install Xcode onto your Mac, from start to finish.
Here are some handy tips to know before you get started:
- Xcode only runs on a mac. If you are on a PC, sadly you won't be able to use Xcode.
- You'll need a good, stable internet connection. The latest version is around 8 gigabytes in size.
- Be sure to have at least 30 gigabytes of free space on your computer. The latest
.xipfile (v11.4.1 at the time of writing) is ~8 gigabytes zipped. When you unzip it, that's another 17 gigabytes. Then you'll need the command line tool, which is yet another 1.5 gigabytes.
Here's an overview of the steps to install Xcode
- Download Xcode
- Install the command line tool
- Open the new version
- Delete files
Note that I have listed some Terminal commands in the steps below. These commands can be typed into your present working directory. This means that you don't need to navigate to any particular folder.
If you really want to, you can first type
cd before typing the commands in the below steps. This will return you back to the home folder.
Step #1: Download Xcode
There are two ways to do this. For the latest version and a theoretically 'easy' installation, you can use the App Store. I don't recommend this option.
I prefer to use the developer site. This comes with the bonus option of being able to download any version you'd like.
Mac Command Line Tools Update
Option #1: Download via the App Store for the latest version (not my preferred option)
In theory, this should be a seamless and pain-free process. But if the installation fails for any reason on the last step, it is very hard to troubleshoot.
There are a few reasons for failure, and no easy way to know which is the underlying cause. If you do encounter a failure, you will need to re-download the entire file again each time you try to fix the failure. As the latest version is 8 gigabytes, I didn't much enjoy this approach.
But if you're feeling brave, here are the steps:
- Open the App Store on your mac
- Sign in
- Search for Xcode
- Click install or update
Option 2: Download via the Developer site for a specific version (my preferred option)
- Head to the 'more' section of the Apple developer website
- Sign in with your iTunes account id
- Type in the version that you'd like, and download the
Xcode_x_x_x.xipfile. Keep in mind that Xcode 11.4.1 is 8 gigabytes, so this will take awhile depending on your internet connection.
- Once the file is downloaded, click on
.xipto extract it. Your laptop will extract it to the same folder you downloaded it to. This extraction process is automatic. You don't need to do anything more after you click on the
.xipfile. This step will take a few minutes.
- [Optional] Once extracted, rename the application to “Xcode11.x.x” if you are using multiple versions.
- Drag application to the Applications folder
- [Optional] Set the new Xcode version as the default. Open Terminal and type
sudo xcode-select -switch /Applications/Xcodex.x.x.app. Replace
x.x.xwith the version number. For example:
Xcode11.4.1.app. You will need to enter in your computer admin password. I'm pretty sure this will update the default Xcode version for all users on your computer, so best to check with other users first
Step #2: Install the command line tool (CLT)
If you have multiple users on your computer, you will need to update the CLT for each user.
Update Mac From Terminal Jfk
To update the CLT, go to app developer website and download the command line tool
If you have never installed Xcode before, you may be able to update with your Terminal by typing in
xcode-select --install instead of visiting the developer website.
But if you have an existing version of Xcode installed on your machine, you'll probably see this error:
This means you'll need to go to the developer website instead.
Installing the CLT
.dmg has finished downloaded, double click the file to open it. This will open a little window that looks like this:
Double click the box and follow the prompts to install the CLT. It will take a few minutes to complete.
It may ask you at the end of the installation whether you want to move this to the trash bin. When it does this, it's talking about moving the
.dmg file to the trash bin. Since you should no longer need this file. I always say yes to this.
Step #3: Open Xcode
Open the Applications folder and open the new version of Xcode. If you renamed Xcode, make sure you open the correct application
Xcode may prompt you to install additional components. Click install. This will take a few minutes.
While it's installing, check that your default Xcode version is the one you just downloaded:
- Open Terminal
- You should see “CLT” and “Xcode” versions, as well as everything else. This should reflect the version that you have just downloaded. In my case, I downloaded Xcode 11.4.1.
Once the components are installed, Xcode will launch. You should be able to pick up your old projects and continue where you left off seamlessly*.
Update Mac From Terminal Space
*Note that if you use any proxy tools, such as Charles, you will need to re-install those certificates in your simulator again.
Mac Update Time From Terminal
If you encounter any errors while trying to build or run a project, check which device you are trying to launch. The new version may not remember the device you were using before. If so, click on the device and choose 'Add additional simulators' from the drop down menu to add the device you want.
Step #4. Delete the files
If you don't need the older versions of Xcode on your computer, you can uninstall them and get some hard drive space back.
You can also delete the
.xip file of the version you just downloaded, as well as the
That's everything. I hope this has helped you successfully install Xcode. Have fun with it!
Terminal User Guide
Each window in Terminal represents an instance of a shell process. The window contains a prompt that indicates you can enter a command. The prompt you see depends on your Terminal and shell preferences, but it often includes the name of the host you’re logged in to, your current working folder, your user name, and a prompt symbol. For example, if a user named michael is using the default zsh shell, the prompt appears as:
This indicates that the user named michael is logged in to a computer named MacBook-Pro, and the current folder is his home folder, indicated by the tilde (~).
Update Mac Apps Via Terminal
On your Mac, do one of the following:
Click the Launchpad icon in the Dock, type Terminal in the search field, then click Terminal.
In the Finder , open the /Applications/Utilities folder, then double-click Terminal.
In the Terminal app on your Mac, choose Terminal > Quit Terminal.
Quit a shell session
In the Terminal app on your Mac, in the window running the shell process you want to quit, type
exit, then press Return.
This ensures that commands actively running in the shell are closed. If anything’s still in progress, a dialog appears.
If you want to change the shell exit behavior, see Change Profiles Shell preferences.